1806 Mississippi Baptist Association Articles of Faith

1. We believe in one true and living God; and that there are a trinity of persons in the Godhead; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, the same in essence, equal in power and glory.

2. We believe the scriptures of the Old and New Testament were given by inspiration of God, are of Divine authority, and the only rule of faith and practice.

3. We believe in the fall of Adam; in the imputation of his sin to all his posterity; in the total depravity of human nature; and in man’s inability to restore himself to the favor of God.

4. We believe in the everlasting love of God to his people; in the eternal unconditional election of a definite number of the human family to grace and glory.

5. We believe that sinners are only justified in the sight of God, by the imputed righteousness of Jesus Christ, which is unto all and upon all them that believe.

6. We believe all those who were chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world are, in time, effectually called, regenerated, converted, and sanctified; and are kept by the power of God, through faith, unto salvation.

7. We believe there is one mediator between God and man, the man Jesus Christ, who by the satisfaction which he made to law and justice, “in becoming an offering for sin” hath, by his most precious blood, redeemed the elect from under the curse of the law, that they might be holy and without blame before him in love.

8. We believe good works are the fruits of faith, and follow after justification, are evidences of a gracious state, and that it is the duty of all believers to perform them from a principle of love.

9. We believe in the resurrection of the dead, and a general judgment, and that the happiness of the righteous and the punishment of the wicked will be eternal.


According to Z.T. Leavell writing in 1901 in the article “Early Beginnings of Baptists in Mississippi” [Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society, Volume IV. Franklin L. Riley, Editor. Oxford, MS, 1901, pp 245-253. Available online at Google Books], the Baptists started organizing in late 1791 near Natchez, Mississippi Territory.

Seven citizens of that region meeting in October 1791 at a point on South Fork Cole’s Creek, western Jefferson County, about 18 miles northeast of Natchez, organized a church they called “Salem.” More formally the church became known as The Church of Jesus Christ at Coles Creek or as The Baptist Church of Jesus Christ at Coles Creek or as The Baptit Church on Coles Creek.

The group met in private homes until 1805 at which time they started meeting at Coles Creek Meeting House.

The articles of that first Baptist Church in Mississippi are:
“1.We agree to submit ourselves to God, and to each other, reprove, and bear reproof, bear each other’s burdens, and to carry on the work of the Lord as well as we can.
2. We agree, as touching things temporal, not to go to law one against another, as the Scriptures forbid that Brother should go to law against Brother.
3. We believe the Lord’s Day to be set apart for the worship of God, and, whereas, it has been much observed, now to pay particular attention to that day; and make the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament our rule and practice in life” (page 247).

And all the while that Baptists were organizing in Mississippi Territory, so were the Methodists. Lorenzo Dow was in the Natchez Country preaching [see Charles B. Galloway’s article “Lorenzo Dow in Mississippi” pp 233-244 in that same issue of the Mississippi Historical Society of 1901]. It was in one of the earliest Methodist Churches at Washington (MS Territory) that the first Constitutional Convention of 1817 was held. That convention paved the way for the new state of Mississippi’s admission into the union of The United States of American (page 243).

Terry Thornton
Fulton, MS

Terry Thornton
Fulton, MS